New York Fellows 2016: Session Seven

Conservatism, Democracy, and Foreign Policy

Date: Wednesday, May 4, 2016
Guest Discussion Leader: Ambassador John Bolton, Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute

Americans have grown war-weary and tired of military engagements abroad. Yet America has vital interests and an abiding commitment to the survival of western civilization. The readings in this session explore the necessity for American foreign policy to combine spiritedness and moderation and to avoid the twin pitfalls of democratic crusadism and escape from our responsibilities in the world.

Required Reading:

Codevilla, Angelo. To Make and Keep Peace Amongst Ourselves and All Nations (Hoover Institution Press, 2014)“Peacekeeping vs. Peace” and “The War on Peace”. pp. 142-167.

Hanson, Victor Davis. The Savior Generals: How Five Great Commanders Saved Wars That Were Lost- From Ancient Greece to Iraq (Bloomsbury Press, 2013). “The New Way Forward” pp. 215- 221 and “Down from Olympus” pp. 230- 237.

Recommended Reading:

Mahoney, Daniel J. The Conservative Foundations of the Liberal Order: Defending Democracy Against Its Modern Enemies and Its Immoderate Friends (Intercollegiate Studies Institute Books, 2011). Chapter 6, Conservatism, Democracy, and Foreign Policy, pp. 105-124.

Hanson, Victor Davis. The Father of Us All: War and History, Ancient and Modern (Bloomsbury Press, 2010). Chapter 10, The American Way of War- Past, Present, and Future, pp. 137-157.

Columns by Victor Davis Hanson

“Obama’s Ironic Foreign Policy”, PJ Media, December 16, 2013.

“Our Schizoid Foreign Policy”, National Review Online, March 7, 2011.

“Obama’s Illiberal Foreign Policy”, National Review Online, June 24, 2011.

“The Perils of Obama’s Foreign Policy”, National Review Online, January 28, 2012.

“Our Icarus-in-Chief”, National Review Online, February 4, 2014.

“A New America in a New World Order”, National Review Online, February 24, 2011.

“Diplomacy Carterizes”, NRO’s The Corner, January 13, 2012.

“A Modest Proposal for Mideast Peace”, National Review, January 29, 2008.

Session Seven Required Reading

Session Seven Recommended Reading

Discussion Questions

1. Why is Codevilla critical of the American pursuit of an informal empire in the years after 1945? How does his position differ from a so-called ‘isolationist’ approach to world affairs? 
2. In what ways is the post-Western and post-Christian America preferred by American elites an obstacle to effective foreign policy and public diplomacy? According to Codevilla, in what ways is America losing her soul? 

3. How effectively have our ruling elites faced the civilizational challenge posed by Islam? 

4. Why did the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan ultimately bring more war than peace? 
5. How does David Petraeus qualify as a “savior general”? What larger lessons can be learned from his efforts to pacify Iraq and redeem the honor of the United States?

5. What are the sources of President Obama’s retrenchment of American power? To what extent does he share the premises of those who desire a post-Western, post-American world?